What is Insomnia? What are its causes , symptoms and Risk Factors?

A typical sleep issue known as Insomnia can make it hard to fall asleep or make you wake up too early and have problems in your sleep. When you woke up, you can still feel worn out. If you have Insomnia, your energy level and mood can all negatively impact your health, productivity at work and quality of life.

Individual sleep needs vary, but most need seven to eight hours per night.

Most people eventually experience short-term (acute) Insomnia, lasting a few days or weeks. The cause is frequently stress or a traumatic event. However, some people experience persistent long-term Insomnia lasting a month or longer. The main issue can be Insomnia, which other illnesses or drugs might bring on.

You don’t have to spend sleepless nights. Making minor daily habit modifications can be beneficial.

Insomnia Symptoms

  • Difficulty sleeping at night
  • Having a nighttime awakening
  • Too early of an awakening
  • Having trouble recovering from a night’s sleep
  • Daytime drowsiness or fatigue
  • Anger, sadness, or irritability
  • Inability to concentrate, pay attention, or remember
  • Increased mistakes or mishaps
  • Persistent concerns about sleep

Insomnia Causes

Stress, traumatic events, or sleep-inconveniencing behaviors typically trigger chronic Insomnia. It can be treated by addressing the root reason, but it can sporadically last for years.

Numerous factors can contribute to chronic Insomnia, including:


It may be hard to sleep at night because of worry about your family, job, health, income, or other issues. It can also be brought on by traumatic or demanding life events, including divorce, job loss, or illness.

Travel or professional commitments

Your circadian rhythms are an internal clock regulating your body’s temperature, metabolism, and sleep-wake cycle. A disruption of your body’s circadian rhythms might cause Insomnia. Jet lag from crossing time zones, working a late or early job, or often switching shifts are some causes.

Bad sleeping patterns

 Unusual bedtime patterns, naps, stimulating activities right before bed, an uncomfortable sleeping environment, and using your bed for work, eating, or watching TV are examples of poor sleep habits. Using computers, TVs, video games, smartphones, or other electronics before bed may interfere with your sleep pattern.

Overeating late at night

A small snack is acceptable before bed, but if you overeat, you might feel physically uneasy when lying down. 

Insomnia Prevention

  • Good sleeping habits can promote restful sleep and prevent Insomnia:
  • Keep your wake-up, and bedtime schedules the same every day, even on the weekends.
  • Keep moving; regular movement encourages restful sleep.
  • Check your prescriptions to see if any of them could be the source of your Insomnia.
  • Limit or avoid napping
  • Alcohol and nicotine should be avoided or used sparingly.
  • A lot of food or liquids should be avoided immediately before bed.
  • Only use your bedroom for sleeping. Make it pleasant.
  • Establish a soothing nighttime routine, including a warm bath, reading, or listening to calm music.

Ageing and Insomnia

With ageing, Insomnia becomes more prevalent. As you age, you could go through the following:

Modifications to sleep habits

Sleep often becomes less restful as you age, making it more likely that noise or other environmental changes will wake you up. Your internal clock tends to advance as you age, making it easier for you to go to sleep and wake up earlier. Elderly folks, however, still need the same amount of sleep as younger ones do on average.

Alterations in activity

 You might engage in less exercise or socializing. Sleeping soundly might be hampered by a lack of action. Additionally, taking a daily nap may be more likely if you are less active, which may interfere with your ability to sleep at night.

Alterations to health

Chronic discomfort brought on by conditions like arthritis or back pain, as well as melancholy or worry, can cause sleep problems. Sleep can be disturbed by conditions like prostate or bladder problems that make urinating more necessary at night. With ageing, sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome are more prevalent.

Additional medicines

Older persons are more likely to use prescription drugs than younger adults, increasing the risk of prescription drug-induced insomnia.

Teenage and kid Insomnia

Children and teenagers may also have sleep problems. However, some children and teenagers have trouble falling asleep or object to a regular bedtime since their internal clocks are better developed. They desire later bedtimes and longer morning naps.

Insomnia Risk elements

Everyone occasionally has trouble falling asleep. However, if you’ve previously:


Changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle and menopause could be a factor. Hot flashes and night sweats are typical menopause sleep problems. It is another common pregnancy symptom.

Older Than 60

 A rise in Insomnia results from age-related changes in health and sleeping patterns.

You have a health problem, either physical or mental. Various issues that can keep you from sleeping may affect your physical or mental health.

Under Lot Of Pressure

Stressful conditions and events might cause short Insomnia. Stress that is ongoing or severe can also lead to chronic sleeplessness.

You don’t follow a set timetable. Your sleep-wake cycle may be disturbed by, for instance, working different shifts or travelling.

Insomnia Complications

Sleep is as crucial to your health as a balanced diet and frequent exercise. Whatever the cause, Insomnia can hurt your mental and physical health. Compared to those who get enough sleep, those who suffer from insomnia report a lower quality of life.

Insomnia’s side effects include:

  • reduction in productivity at work or in the classroom
  • a decreased capacity to react when driving and a higher risk of accidents
  • diseases of the mind, such as substance misuse, anxiety disorders, or sadness
  • Long-term illnesses or ailments, such as heart disease or high blood pressure, are more likely to develop and deteriorate.


Insomnia is more than simply a bother or a slight inconvenience. It is a sleep disorder that may affect both physical and emotional well-being.

Make an appointment with your doctor as soon as you suspect Insomnia. They can assist you in identifying potential causes and in locating the ideal form of insomnia treatment for your requirements.

Recent Posts


1. What Insomnia feels like?

It can be exhausting to experience Insomnia, which is the inability to go to sleep or stay asleep. According to some who have experienced Insomnia, it might make them feel agitated, anxious, and unhappy. They seek solace by journaling, meditating, and following a sleep schedule.

2. What is the main cause of Insomnia?

It’s unclear what causes Insomnia, but stress and anxiety are frequently linked to it. It may be due to a bad sleeping environment, such as an uncomfortable bed or a noisy, hot, or cold bedroom. Also, it may be due to Lifestyle elements such as shift work, jet lag, or consuming alcohol or caffeine before bed.

3. Can Insomnia go away?

Yes, Insomnia can often be treated without medical intervention. However, success often depends on identifying and treating several issues that might add up to a significant disturbance in sleep.

4. Why do I feel sleepy but can’t sleep?

If you’re exhausted but unable to fall asleep, your circadian clock may not function correctly. However, poor napping habits, worry, sadness, caffeine use, blue light from devices, sleep disorders, and even food can contribute to daytime sleepiness and nighttime vigilance.

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